The original telecommunications date back to the 1700s when ancient systems, such as smoke signals and talking drums, were used in Africa, New Guinea and South America as methods of communication. In 1726, scientists began experimenting with electricity to create lines of communication to allow people to transmit voices through telephone wires. Several versions of the electrical telegraph were invented. In1870, the first electric telephone was invented, and by 1878, commercial telephone services were offered to customers in New Haven, Connecticut and London. Bell Telephone Company was the first U.S. commercial telephone service created on July 9, 1877, in Boston, Massachusetts. The initial patent was given to Alexander Graham Bell, and all other patents were subordinated to the master patent. In 1899, Bell Telephone Company was changed to what it’s known today as American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T).
First Wireless Communications
On June 17, 1946, the first mobile services were issued in St. Louis, Missouri, by AT&T. During this time, mobile phones were only offered in limited areas in the country. By 1949, AT&T commercialized its mobile services, allowing customers to place and receive calls by way of an operator. The costs to maintain a mobile phone were very expensive, and only a few callers in each city could make calls at the same time. AT&T began to implement more improved technologies for mobile services, which allowed more people to concurrently make calls by dialing numbers rather than via an operator. By the 1960s, radio common carriers were established and competed against AT&T services.
Over the years, the telecommunications industry has diversified and become a more competitive market. Key players in the industry continue to design easier and more affordable ways for customers to communicate. Customers have many opportunities to acquire telephone and mobile services, which make the competition fierce among telecommunications companies looking to dominate the industry.
Today, the mobile service market, which includes voice calls, text messages, apps and data usage, is a billion dollar industry with several companies dominating the market in each country. More users are using their mobile devices to download apps and browse the Internet. According to Statista, a third of website traffic comes from mobile devices.
The demand for mobile services continues to grow among billions of users worldwide. In the United States alone, over a 100 million users search the internet using their tablet or smartphone. With the introduction of the iPhone in 2007 and the iPad in 2010, Apple has been dominating the smartphone market. Google is also leading the way of smartphone technologies with the Android mobile phones.
With the constant changing of technologies in the mobile industry, users anticipate the next wave of mobile communications. Companies continue to seek out innovative ways to provide customers with better connection speeds and bandwidth in addition to more improved mobile applications.